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Boosting male fertility

01/06/2018

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When I write a blog, it is usually something that has focused my interest, either due to a personal interest or via my clients experiences.  I have recently become aware of some male fertility issues, and thought I haven’t seen men in my clinic with concerns around fertility.  I therefore thought it would be useful to research some recent science on male fertility for you, lets see how we can improve the chances of creating a mini me with the backing of some good science!

 

Here is a summary of a recent scientific study, which looked at the ageing male and fertility, miscarriage and birth defects, of course ageing isn’t the only reason, but interesting anyway:

Link to full PDF article

  • The age of the male partner has significant impact on reproduction. Older men tend to have older female partners, and increasing male age is associated with increased time to conception. This reflects the age-related increase in acquired medical conditions, decreases in semen quality, and increasing rates of DNA fragmentation seen in sperm.
  • The risk of developing a medical condition or of being exposed to environmental toxins increases with age. For men, viral orchitis and sexually transmitted infections can lead to infertility due to germinal cell damage, ischemia, or the immune response to the infection.
  • Declining testosterone may cause decline in libido, erectile dysfunction, and difficulty achieving ejaculation. The level of testosterone does appear to influence sexual function.
  • Ageing has a significant impact on male sexual function, sperm parameters, and fertility, which all contribute to decreased fecundability, increased time to conception, and increased miscarriage rates. There are clearly many unknowns that remain with regard to male aging and fertility. Further research will allow a better understanding of age and its impact on all areas of male fertility.

Specific nutrients, below, have successfully improved fertility in men.  Supporting detoxification of heavy metals and pesticides from the body, improving vitamin and mineral status, ensuring adequate protein, iron and zinc in the diet are key, especially vegetarians and vegans who focus on grain based food and processed vegan protein sources.  Grains, beans and pulses contain anti nutrients (lectins) which bind to iron and other minerals and can leave the body depleted, it is a protein and therefore can cause intolerances and gut issues in sensitive individuals.

Science backed research suggests that regular exercise, a Mediterranean diet rich in oily fish, olive oil and vegetables and wearing appropriate underwear (cotton lose fitting) can help.

There are also some supplements which can also support male fertility, I have included the references below:

Zinc  Zinc is an essential nutrient and needed for many pathways including sugar metabolism and creation of stomach stomach, to name a few.  Zinc in the seminal plasma of infertile males was significantly lower than that in normal males. Zinc supplementation could significantly increase the semen volume, sperm motility and percentage of normal sperm morphology of infertile males, suggesting that zinc supplementation might increase male reproductive function.

CoQ10 Fat soluble vitamin like substance that supports energy pathways in the body, it is present in all tissues particularly the heart and other muscles.  It was found that the concentration of CoQ10 was correlated with key semen parameters such as sperm concentration, motility and morphology because the total antioxidant capacity improves. Thakur suggested that daily administration of 150 mg CoQ10 improved semen parameters in infertile men

Selenium An essential trace element in formation of sperm and testosterone biosynthesis.

N-acetyl-cysteine used together with Selenium this supplement supported further benefits to semen parameters.

Vitamin E Administration of supplementations like L-carnitine, selenium, vitamin C and vitamin E may lead to improving sperm concentration, motility and morphology, and sometimes DNA integrity

There are many fertility supplements out there, which may be fine, but if you are serious about improving your chances of a healthy baby, get in touch with me and I can support you both on a 6 month programme to reduce heavy metals, support gut health and improve your over all health and wellbeing and get your sperm and egg in the best condition ready for conception.  I can recommend some great personal trainers too, who I have used myself to get fit and motivated to feel great and look great.

References:
Harris ID, Fronczak C, Roth L, Meacham RB. Fertility and the Aging Male. Reviews in Urology. 2011;13(4):e184-e190

Association between adherence to the Mediterranean diet and semen quality parameters in male partners of couples attempting fertility  Dimitrios Karayiannis Meropi D. Kontogianni Christina Mendorou Lygeri DoukaMinas Mastrominas Nikos Yiannakouris. Human Reproduction, Volume 32, Issue 1, 1 January 2017, Pages 215–222

Zhao J, Dong X, Hu X, et al. Zinc levels in seminal plasma and their correlation with male infertility: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Scientific Reports. 2016;6:22386. doi:10.1038/srep22386

Effect of Ubiquinol Therapy on Sperm Parameters and Serum Testosterone Levels in Oligoasthenozoospermic Infertile Men. Thakur AS, Littarru GP, Funahashi I, Painkara US, Dange NS, Chauhan P

J Clin Diagn Res. 2015 Sep; 9(9):BC01-3. Selenium in mammalian spermiogenesis.Flohé L Biol Chem. 2007 Oct; 388(10):987-95.

Coenzyme Q₁₀, α-tocopherol, and oxidative stress could be important metabolic biomarkers of male infertility. Gvozdjáková A, Kucharská J, Dubravicky J, Mojto V, Singh RB Dis Markers. 2015; 2015():827941.

Assessment of the level of trace element zinc in seminal plasma of males and evaluation of its role in male infertility. Khan MS, Zaman S, Sajjad M, Shoaib M, Gilani G Int J Appl Basic Med Res. 2011 Jul; 1(2):93-6.

Selenium-vitamin E supplementation in infertile men: effects on semen parameters and pregnancy rate. Moslemi MK, Tavanbakhsh S Int J Gen Med. 2011 Jan 23; 4():99-104.

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